Nikolay Petrov is a professor and head of the Laboratory of Methodology of Regional Development Evaluation at the Higher School of Economics, Moscow. For many years, he was scholar-in-residence at the Carnegie Moscow Center, where he directed the Society and Regions project. He also heads the Center for Political-Geographic Research. Petrov is a columnist for the information agency RBC (RosBusinessConsulting), a member of the Program on New Approaches to Research and Security in Eurasia (PONARS Eurasia), a member of the Scientific Advisory Council of the Finnish Institute of International Affairs, and a member of the scientific boards of: The Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies; Russian Politics; Russian Politics & Law; and Region: Regional Studies of Russia, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia. During 1990–1995, he served as an advisor to the Russian parliament, government, and presidential administration.
Petrov is the author or editor of numerous publications analyzing Russia's political regime, the post-Soviet transformation, the socioeconomic and political development of Russia's regions, democratization, federalism, and elections, among other topics.
The State of Russia: What Comes Next? contributor and co-editor, forthcoming from Palgrave Macmillan in 2015.
Russia 2025: Scenarios for the Russian Future, co-edited with Maria Lipman, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
Russia in 2020: Scenarios for the Future, co-edited with Maria Lipman, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2011.
Irregular Triangle: Interrelations Between Authorities, Business and Society in Russian Regions, co-editor, Moscow: Vsya Rossiya, 2010 (in Russian).
The Dynamics of Russian Politics: Putin's Reform of Federal-Regional Relations, contributor, eds. Peter Reddaway and Robert Orttung, volumes 1 and 2, Rowman & Littlefield, 2004-5.